An increasing deployment of distributed energy resources allows for new business models that have the potential to substantially change today’s electricity markets. These changes bring challenges for distribution system operators and their regulation alike. This THINK report sheds light on the missing blocks in current regulation, recognizing DSOs as regulated monopolies, but also as key players along the value chain. We provide insights on how regulation should be adapted so that DSOs are incentivized to facilitate the market entry of welfare-enhancing technologies efficiently and in a timely fashion, but also to exploit distributed energy resources to manage the distribution system efficiently.
Additionality is a key requirement for the renewables based electricity to be used by electrolysers to produce renewable hydrogen. Additionality could be defined as the requirement that renewables-based electricity used [...]
China has always upheld multilateralism and has advocated the use of multilateral mechanisms to jointly address global climate change issues. This paper discusses what China does and why, and how [...]
Around 75% of European cargo transport operations in terms of ton-kilometers are performed by trucks, which, in turn, entail massive environmental and societal impacts. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, road [...]