ADVANCING REGULATION IN EUROPE AND WORLDWIDE

The Florence School of Regulation (FSR) is a centre of excellence for independent discussion and knowledge exchange with the purpose of improving the quality of European regulation and policy. We deliver academic research, training and policy events in the areas of Energy & Climate, Communications & Media, Transport and Water.

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The EU Green Deal

This eleven-week course covers the fundamentals of energy and climate policy in the EU Green Deal. The Grand Tour of Europe’s energy and climate policy The European Green Deal is…

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Has COP27 accelerated the development of Green Hydrogen in Africa?

In the first instalment of the Topic of the Month: Inclusive or exclusive? Green hydrogen in the international sphere, we look at the solutions proposed at COP27 to accelerate development…

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Executive Course to master Electricity Markets

Learn how to master electricty markets and key issues around their reform. The energy crisis that was triggered by the Russian war in Ukraine has led European power markets to…

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Florence School of Regulation puts the Spotlight on the Greening of Infrastructures at its first-ever Sustainability Conference

While the Florence School of Regulation has a long-standing tradition of coming together for its Annual Conference on the Regulation of Infrastructures, this year, the School went a step further…

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Towards a Smart and Sustainable Single European Transport Area: An Assessment of the Past 10 Years of EU Regulation

For more than a decade, hundreds of experts have gathered at the hills overlooking Florence to analyse the evolution of European transport policy and regulation at the call of the…

FSR Knowledge

The EU in a hard gas crisis: what reform of its internal electricity market? PART II
The EU in a hard gas crisis: what reform of its internal electricity market? PART II

 It makes sense to look at a reform of the EU internal electricity market to strengthen it against future energy…

Gas supply: how has the concept of solidarity evolved in the EU?  
Gas supply: how has the concept of solidarity evolved in the EU?  

In the last three decades, the EU legislation has strived to increasingly target gas security of supply (SoS) and to…

The EU in a hard gas crisis: what reform of its internal electricity market?
The EU in a hard gas crisis: what reform of its internal electricity market?

On Monday, 23 January 2022, the European Commission launched a consultation for the reform of the existing electricity market to…

Security of Supply: Gas 
Security of Supply: Gas 

What is security of supply?   The European Environment Agency (EEA) define security of energy supply as “…the availability of…

Balancing Flexibility and Interoperability in the Digitalisation of the European Energy Market
Balancing Flexibility and Interoperability in the Digitalisation of the European Energy Market

On 30 November 2022, a #FSRDebate discussed the regulatory challenges arising from current European efforts to achieve system interoperability in…

Overview of Recent Energy Case Law from the CJEU: highlights from the event
Overview of Recent Energy Case Law from the CJEU: highlights from the event

On Friday, 2 December 2022, the FSR hosted the most recent edition of its popular biannual update on recent energy…

The Green Hydrogen Economy: insights from India
The Green Hydrogen Economy: insights from India

On its 75th Independence Day, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the National Hydrogen Mission with an aim of making…

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