Speaker: Peter Cramton
Professor, University of Maryland
Part-time Professor Joint Chair RSCAS/Economics Department
Discussant: Xavier Labandeira, Director, FSR Climate
This event was live streamed. Watch the recording:
After twenty-five years of failure, climate negotiations continue to use a “pledge and review” approach: countries pledge (almost anything), subject to (unenforced) review. This approach ignores everything we know about human cooperation. In this book, leading economists describe an alternate model for climate agreements, drawing on the work of the late Nobel laureate Elinor Ostrom and others. They show that a ”common commitment” scheme is more effective than an ”individual commitment” scheme; the latter depends on altruism while the former involves reciprocity (”we will if you will”).
The contributors propose that global carbon pricing is the best candidate for a reciprocal common commitment in climate negotiations. Each country would commit to placing charges on carbon emissions sufficient to match an agreed global price formula. The contributors show that carbon pricing would facilitate negotiations and enforcement, improve efficiency and flexibility, and make other climate policies more effective. Additionally, they analyze the failings of the 2015 Paris climate conference.
Richard N. Cooper, Peter Cramton, Ottmar Edenhofer, Christian Gollier, Éloi Laurent, David JC MacKay, William Nordhaus, Axel Ockenfels, Joseph E. Stiglitz, Steven Stoft, Jean Tirole, Martin L. Weitzman
”The threat of climate change can be managed only by global cooperation. Here a distinguished panel of experts applies fundamental principles of economics to show how such global efforts can be sustained. This is a great and important book.”
– Roger Myerson, Glen A. Lloyd Distinguished Service Professor of Economics, University of Chicago; 2007 Nobel laureate, Economics.
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