logo-eui RSCAS



Ilaria Conti

The first step: a taxonomy for the ‘new gases’

FSR Topic of the Month 50 shades of green…gas (markets)? by Ilaria Conti (Head of FSR Gas) Week 1  The first step: a taxonomy for […] read more

FSR GlobalGas



FSR strengthening the cooperation with China

FSR joins the EU-China Energy Cooperation Platform in Beijing Between 28th and 30th October, Jean-Michel Glachant, FSR Director and Ilaria Conti, Head of FSR Gas […] read more


Event Highlights


European Energy Policy and Law Conference

On the 12th of September 2019 in Brussels, the Florence School of Regulation organised the European Energy Policy and Law Conference dedicated to explore the […] read more


Ilaria and Andris

News, Sector Coupling


FSR to support Madrid Forum debate on sector coupling

At the 32nd meeting of the Madrid Forum, Klaus-Dieter Borchardt, deputy Director General of EU Commission’s DG Energy, announced the upcoming cooperation between the Florence […] read more



Event Highlights


Which energy storage for the flexibility needs of a multi-energy system?

On Monday 27 May 2019, the Florence School of Regulation (FSR) jointly with Gas Infrastructure Europe (GIE) hosted the policy workshop: ‘Which energy storage for the […] read more

Energy PolicyGas

sector coupling 2.0 FSR event

Sector Coupling 2.0: Power-to-Gas in the EU decarbonisation strategy

On Friday 17 May 2018, the Florence School of Regulation hosted the regulatory policy workshop: ‘Sector Coupling 2.0: Power-to-Gas in the EU decarbonisation strategy’, directed […] read more

FSR GlobalGas

EU China summit about energy policy



EU-China Energy Cooperation Platform

Launch event in Beijing Ilaria Conti, Florence School of Regulation Head of gas, will be attending today’s EU-China energy cooperation launch event in Beijing. The […] read more


gas tank used for gas storage in Europe



The evolving role of gas storage in Europe

FSR Head of Gas Ilaria Conti’s interview with EURACTIV In her interview with EURACTIV, Ilaria Conti, Head of Gas at the Florence School of Regulation, […] read more



Topic of the Month


Towards a new European methane emissions strategy

FSR Topic of the Month by Andris Piebalgs and Maria Olczak (FSR Gas Area) Substantial reduction of methane emissions for achieving the climate goals Methane emissions are still an important hurdle towards […] read more

Page 1 of 812345678
Ilaria Conti

The first step: a taxonomy for the ‘new gases’

- Gas

FSR Topic of the Month

50 shades of green…gas (markets)?

by Ilaria Conti (Head of FSR Gas)

Week 1 

The first step: a taxonomy for the ‘new gases’

Decarbonisation is undoubtedly a diversified concept which by definition should involve different actors, perspectives, processes. On the other hand, such complexity should not be reflected in the terminology used to discuss and analyse them. 

In communication science, one term should ideally have a univocal reference to one or more elements of a group, otherwise, the risk of asymmetrical referencing is that knowledge gaps are created and the exchange of information results, thus, fallacious.

Extending this principle to the current debate on the so-called “new gases” or “renewable gases”[1] (hydrogen, biogas, biomethane, synthetic methane) it’s fundamental to agree on which terms we attribute to the different processes and products. That’s not all: what we need is also a common understanding of the reasons why we gave this or that gas a certain name. In a word, we need a taxonomy[2].

If the father of the very first taxonomy Aristotle had a relatively easier task when dividing all living things into two groups – plants and animals – several are the features that are worth considering when attempting to classify green gases.

Indeed, the same product (for example Hydrogen or biomethane) can be produced through several processes – and each of them may origin from a different feedstock and involve the injection of the release of different (GHG) emissions or solids.

Second, while everybody could agree that the environmental impact of such gases is important in the attempt of classifying them, there’s no agreement on where it would be reasonable to start accounting the impact of the “lifecycle” concerning the production of a green gas, nor on “which kind of environmental effect” should be considered first.

Third, since the taxonomy debate doesn’t start from a sort of regulatory void for green gases – as we will explore in the next TOM article – any new terminology proposal might have immediate consequences at regulatory and thus at commercial level (we will analyse this aspect in the next FSR Sector Coupling workshop[3]).

Fourth, the role of technological innovation is an element that cannot be neglected. An efficient taxonomy for the new gases should be able to accommodate progress in the technology used to obtain them, which is in continuous evolution.

Fifth, the ultimate ambition consists in finding a way to classify and refer to gases in all parts of the globe – by providing a “universal green energy dictionary” that is robust to geography or structural contingencies.

The issue is so evidently complex and multipurpose that the EU Commission quite rightly decided to enlarge the debate and go beyond the usual borders of the Gas Regulatory Forum (Madrid Forum), by inviting representatives from the electricity sector, the civil society and academia to join the debate.

At the 33rd Madrid Forum[4], which took place on 23-24th October, the three main contributions to the gas taxonomy debate came from the industry[5], from an NGO[6] and from us, the Florence School of Regulation[7].

Our taxonomy proposal builds on the recent work done through our newly launched Sector Coupling Platform[8] and particularly on some of the contributions collected, as well as on the dedicated online debate [9].

Unsurprisingly, the discussion on a gas taxonomy took the biggest space during the Forum – which didn’t get to any formal Conclusion.

The way to an agreed taxonomy seems therefore still quite long, with the main nodes being the link of the new taxonomy with the existing gas market and regulatory framework. Time will tell whether building on (and in some cases even “forcing”) pre-existing (infra)structures will be the right forward or if, instead, new solutions and fresh thinking will better help addressing the new challenges brought by the decarbonisation imperative.

In either case, every EU citizen is welcome to join the debate, and the Florence School will continue its mission, by following and actively contributing in first person and by facilitating the exchange via its knowledge platform.

[1] See Topic of the month of April 2019

[2] Taxonomy is a word of Greek origin which means “discipline of classification” (τάξις, tàxis, order and νόμος, nòmos, rule). If in practice the taxonomy is the science used in science (namely biology) to classify animals and plants into different categories, the extended meaning of this term includes any action of “grouping” things and attributing names to them.

[3] Link to 15th November workshop https://fsr.eui.eu/event/how-many-gas-markets/

[4] Link to https://ec.europa.eu/info/events/33rd-madrid-forum-2019-oct-23_en

[5] Link to https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/energy_climate_change_environment/events/presentations/02.a.02_mf_33_presentation_-_new_gases_network_-terminology_gas_industry_perspective_-_deblock.pdf

[6] Link to https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/energy_climate_change_environment/events/presentations/02.a.03_mf33_presentation_-_e3g_-_civil_society_perspective_on_common_terminology_for_gases_-_fischer.pdf

[7] Link to https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/energy_climate_change_environment/events/presentations/02.a.01_mf33_presentation_-_fsr_-_reflections_on_gas_taxonomy_-_conti.pdf

[8] Link to https://fsr.eui.eu/gas/fsr-sector-coupling-platform/

[9] Link to https://fsr.eui.eu/event/fsr-online-debate-the-common-terminology-for-gases/

Join FSR Energy & Climate Community

Subscribe to our Newsletter



* indicates required
What topics are you interested in?

Florence School of Regulation will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates about our upcoming online and residential events, publications and other activities.All you need to do to receive insightful updates from us is to click the button below:

You can change your mind at any time by clicking the unsubscribe link in the footer of any email you receive from us, or by contacting us at daniela.bernardo@eui.eu. Personal data will be processed in accordance with the EUI’s Data Protection Policy (President’s Decision No. 40 of 27 August 2013 regarding Data Protection at the EUI) as well as under the specific modalities outlined in the Privacy statement for events organised at the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies. We will treat your information with respect. For more information about our privacy practices please visit our website. By clicking below, you agree that we may process your information in accordance with these terms.

We use Mailchimp as our marketing platform. By clicking below to subscribe, you acknowledge that your information will be transferred to Mailchimp for processing. Learn more about Mailchimp's privacy practices here.