Starting from 2018 ‘Year of Multimodality’, the European Commission has put together a number of legislative and policy initiatives relating to better infrastructure, connections, incentives and digital solutions, with a view to promoting the shift towards a fully integrated, multimodal and sustainable transport sector. At present, however, only the Delegated Regulation (EU) 2017/1926 on EU-wide multimodal travel information services establishes the necessary specifications to ensure that multimodal travel information services are accurate and available across borders to users. It supports the development of multimodal travel information services by mandating the accessibility and the possibility to exchange and reuse static travel and traffic information data, where these exist in digital machine-readable format, on National Access Points. Services facilitating payment and booking of mobility products are not part of this regulation. To support both passengers and other intermediaries compare different travel options, choices and prices, and to facilitate the sale and re-sale of mobility products from both public and private operators, within one mode or across modes, the Commission is currently preparing a new initiative on Multimodal Digital Mobility Services (MDMS), to be presented by the end of 2022.
This report was prepared to inform the Carbon Market Policy Dialogue (CMPD) between the European Commission, as the regulator of the EU Emissions Trading System, and the regulatory authorities for [...]
Low-carbon hydrogen is expected to play a key role in the European energy transition. The production of hydrogen using electricity in an electrolysis process is a promising route. However, depending [...]
Energy communities are gaining increasing relevance in the transition toward more decentralized, decarbonized and digitalized energy systems. They represent a heterogeneous phenomenon, a characteristic that explains the difficulty in providing [...]