Gas | Policy Brief
Regulatory framework to mitigate methane emissions in North America : the lessons learned for Europe
09 December 2019
The discussions on setting the EU long-term target to reach carbon-neutrality by 2050 are ongoing. So is the debate on the future role of gas in Europe. One of the issues under discussion is how to reduce methane emissions across the natural gas value chain. Most of the natural gas consumed in the EU is produced outside its borders. While EU’s strategic plan for methane is still under preparation it is important to understand the impact of methane regulation in the main natural gas producing countries. Between 2016 and 2018, the US, Canada and Mexico adopted policies and regulatory frameworks addressing methane emissions in order to meet the pledge of their leaders to reduce methane emissions from the oil and gas sectors by 40 to 45% from 2012 levels by 2025. Despite the significant differences in the scope of regulations and allowed exemptions, the three countries introduced sets of performance standards and requirements that build upon the Best Available Techniques and practices to minimize methane emissions from three categories: fugitive, vented emissions and emissions resulting from incomplete combustion, i.e. flaring. Moreover, all countries introduced regular Leak Detection and Repair programs, which direct operators to regularly inspect and repair leaking components, such as valves or pumps, and to monitor and report their emissions. The analysis of these countries’ regulations provides important information on the most effective and robust approaches to reduce methane emissions in the gas value chain. For the EU the availability of transparent and accurate methane emissions data is of key importance to estimate the GHG footprint of the energy it consumes. The cooperation between methane regulatory frameworks could provide for additional dynamic to minimise methane emissions.
logo cadmus Read it on Cadmus Download in open access

LATEST FSR PUBLICATIONS

Technical Report
Traditional approaches to electricity market design need adaptation to factor in the growing share of renewables in the energy mix. Energy transition in different parts of the world is taking [...]
Working Paper
In this paper, we investigate two main schemes for contracting demand-side flexibility by the Distribution System Operator (DSO) at the planning stage: a voluntary demand-side connection agreement where consumers offer [...]
Working Paper
This article will explain the characteristics of the financial side of energy markets. It aims to clarify why financial contracts are needed in the energy sector and how such transactions [...]
Other
The Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 compounded an already difficult policy landscape characterised by rising energy prices, international supply chains’ disruptions, growing greenhouse gas emissions and exacerbating geopolitical [...]
Book
For more than a decade, hundreds of experts have gathered at the hills overlooking Florence to analyse the evolution of European transport policy and regulation at the call of the [...]
Working Paper
On 14th February 2022, the European Commission published a ‘Call for evidence for an impact assessment’ (Call for Evidence) and Public Consultation related to a new framework for standard essential [...]

Join our community

To meet, discuss and learn in the channel that suits you best.

scroll

top