Gas | Policy Brief
Regulatory framework to mitigate methane emissions in North America : the lessons learned for Europe
09 December 2019
The discussions on setting the EU long-term target to reach carbon-neutrality by 2050 are ongoing. So is the debate on the future role of gas in Europe. One of the issues under discussion is how to reduce methane emissions across the natural gas value chain. Most of the natural gas consumed in the EU is produced outside its borders. While EU’s strategic plan for methane is still under preparation it is important to understand the impact of methane regulation in the main natural gas producing countries. Between 2016 and 2018, the US, Canada and Mexico adopted policies and regulatory frameworks addressing methane emissions in order to meet the pledge of their leaders to reduce methane emissions from the oil and gas sectors by 40 to 45% from 2012 levels by 2025. Despite the significant differences in the scope of regulations and allowed exemptions, the three countries introduced sets of performance standards and requirements that build upon the Best Available Techniques and practices to minimize methane emissions from three categories: fugitive, vented emissions and emissions resulting from incomplete combustion, i.e. flaring. Moreover, all countries introduced regular Leak Detection and Repair programs, which direct operators to regularly inspect and repair leaking components, such as valves or pumps, and to monitor and report their emissions. The analysis of these countries’ regulations provides important information on the most effective and robust approaches to reduce methane emissions in the gas value chain. For the EU the availability of transparent and accurate methane emissions data is of key importance to estimate the GHG footprint of the energy it consumes. The cooperation between methane regulatory frameworks could provide for additional dynamic to minimise methane emissions.
logo cadmus Read it on Cadmus Download in open access


Working Paper
A high penetration of electric vehicles (EVs) will deeply impact the management of electric power systems. To avoid costly grid reinforcements and the risk of load curtailment due to EV [...]
The purpose of this article is to review the Commission's 'Fit for 55' package. It first summarises the Commission's proposals as succinctly as possible. It then analyses what is likely [...]
Working Paper
On 24 and 25 June 2021, the EUI held, both in Florence and online, the Summer Conference Effective remedies vis-vis digital platforms: competition policy and sector regulation at a crossroad. [...]
Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, aviation was one of the fastest-growing sources of greenhouse gas emissions, directly accounting for about 3% of the EU’s total emissions and more than 2% [...]
Peer-to-peer and peer-to-x open a new world of transactions in the electricity sector. This world is characterised by the active involvement of new players, both small in size and non-professional [...]
Energy communities dealing with renewable sources currently play a limited role in the European energy system. However, there is an increasing acknowledgement that they will represent an essential tool to [...]

Join our community

To meet, discuss and learn in the channel that suits you best.