Utilities Policy, 2014, Vol. 31, pp. 278-288Based on extensive qualitative research, this article analyses the governance of competition in European railways and relates this to their performance via five case studies covering the Netherlands, France, Germany, Sweden and the UK. Even though some trends can be identified, such as regionalization, system fragmentation, and the strengthening of the regulatory function, each country's governance appears to be a type of its own, with a unique relationship between governance and railway performance.
Auction revenues from emissions trading systems (ETSs) have rapidly grown in recent years and are becoming an increasingly important consideration for policymakers. ETS revenues can play a key role in [...]