COP28: takeaways of Prof. Simone Borghesi

This is the fourth and conclusive installment of the Topic of the Month: Inside COP28

On 13 December COP28 closed with a declaration that encourages the transition away from fossil fuels. The outcomes of this year’s UN climate conference in Dubai were received with mixed feelings by many experts and stakeholders worldwide. While some progress was made (e.g., the introduction of the loss and damage fund, designed to support developing countries that are most affected by climate change, and new financial pledges made by countries, international organisations and private actors), the negotiators fell short of concretely committing to an urgently called for fossil fuel phase-out. 

Professor Simone Borghesi, Director of FSR Climate, took part in COP28and drew his personal conclusion from COP28: “Value nature”. As a leading environmental economist, Professor Borghesi underlines the fact that we must give an economic value to natural resources and economically account for damages to our environment. After all, nature is the basis of our economic system and using it sustainably is a fundamental economic interest.  

Studies of carbon pricing mechanisms, such as the EU ETS, which account for the release of climate damaging GHG emissions into the atmosphere in certain sectors, show that this approach to value nature is effective. Professor Borghesi used the opportunity of being at COP28, to discuss the role of carbon pricing in moving the industry closer to net-zero emissions as well as the developments in the voluntary carbon market.  

 


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