The institutional setting of open gas networks and markets is revealing considerably diverse and diverging roads taken by the US, the EU and Australia. We will show that this is explained by key choices made in the primary liberalization process. This primary liberalization is based on a definition of network access rights, which leads to different regimes for the transmission services, as well as for the gas commodity trade, as commodity trade depends on the network services to get any market deal actually implemented. Not only do those choices depend on the physical architecture of the network, but also the perceived difficulties and institutional costs of coordinating the actual transmission services through certain market arrangements.
This special issue of Network Industries Quarterly is dedicated to the greening of infrastructure assets. Despite the unprecedented challenges brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic, the European Commission has reaffirmed [...]
This deliverable consists of an introduction and two main parts. Each part consists of two sections:Data exchange and interoperability and Demand-side flexibility. The two main topics of this interim deliverable, [...]
The digitalization of the electricity infrastructure is transforming the power industry and enabling its decarbonization and decentralization. In the electricity sector, digitalization is not a novelty but a process that [...]
The assumption that electricity consumers have no alternative but the grid for their electricity needs is currently being challenged by affordable Behind-The-Meter (BTM) technologies such as distributed PV systems and [...]