In this paper, we analyze the specific national broadband plans which have been developed by some
European governments to foster the deployment of next generation access networks, namely in France,
Italy, and Portugal. In particular, we discuss the strategies adopted to achieve wide fibre coverage and
encourage co-investment between competing operators. Finally, we highlight the similarities and
differences between the strategies followed in these three countries.
Additionality is a key requirement for the renewables based electricity to be used by electrolysers to produce renewable hydrogen. Additionality could be defined as the requirement that renewables-based electricity used [...]
China has always upheld multilateralism and has advocated the use of multilateral mechanisms to jointly address global climate change issues. This paper discusses what China does and why, and how [...]
Around 75% of European cargo transport operations in terms of ton-kilometers are performed by trucks, which, in turn, entail massive environmental and societal impacts. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, road [...]