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12.06.2019

LIVE STREAMING – 8th Conference on the Regulation of Infrastructures

The 8th Conference on the Regulation of Infrastructures. Digital Platforms – The New Network Industries? How to regulate them? is approaching and FSR is planning […] read more

Network Industries

NIQ

7.06.2019

Network Industries Quarterly, Vol. 21, No. 2-Current Issues in Turkish Network Industries

In Turkey, following the economic crisis in 2001, comprehensive market-based reforms were launched in several sectors, including the network industries, such as telecommunications, electricity, and […] read more

Network Industries

Pierpaolo Settembri, ‘If I can make it there, I’ll make it anywhere’ – Online platforms meet the European Union

The working paper ‘If I can make it there, I’ll make it anywhere’ – Online platforms meet the European Union‘ is authored by Pierpaolo Settembri […] read more

Network Industries

Andriychuk, O. “Fighting Fire with Fire. On the Role of Internet Service Providers in Restoring Competition in Online Platforms”

The paper “Fighting Fire with Fire. On the Role of Internet Service Providers in Restoring Competition in Online Platforms” (Andriychuk, O.) will be presented at the 8th Conference […] read more

Network Industries

Ducuing, C. “Conceptualizing digital infrastructure: a study of data sharing legal regimes in the field of network industries”

The paper “Conceptualizing digital infrastructure: a study of data sharing legal regimes in the field of network industries” (Ducuing, C.) will be presented at the 8th Conference on […] read more

IntermodalTransport

5th Florence Intermodal Forum

News

22.05.2019

5th Florence Intermodal Forum on the Internalisation of the External Costs of Transport

On May 20th 2019 the Transport Area of the Florence School of Regulation hosted its 5th Florence Intermodal Forum on the Internalisation of the External […] read more

AirTransport

Transport News

15.05.2019

Executive Seminar on Air Ticket Distribution and the Regulation 80/2009 on a Code of Conduct for Computerised Reservation Systems

On Monday, 13th May 2019, the Transport Area of the Florence School of Regulation together with the European Commission’s DG MOVE co-hosted an executive seminar […] read more

Urban

IGLUS Quarterly

7.05.2019

IGLUS Quarterly, Vol. 4, No. 4 – Complexities of Megacity. The Case of Seoul

The twenty-first century will be the century of the Megacities. More than half of the world’s population now live in urbanized areas and this number […] read more

Network Industries

Bostoen, F. “Are online platforms the new utilities—and should they be regulated as such? Inspiration from over 100 years of telecommunications regulation”

The paper “Are online platforms the new utilities—and should they be regulated as such? Inspiration from over 100 years of telecommunications regulation” (Bostoen, F.) will be presented […] read more

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5th Florence Intermodal Forum

5th Florence Intermodal Forum on the Internalisation of the External Costs of Transport

- Intermodal, Transport

On May 20th 2019 the Transport Area of the Florence School of Regulation hosted its 5th Florence Intermodal Forum on the Internalisation of the External Costs of Transport. The event was co-organised with the European Commission’s DG MOVE, and brought together representatives from all transport modes, as well as regulators from national- and local-levels, for a discussion on the transport sector’s external costs and the necessary policy tools to internalise these.

The debate was kick-started by the presentation of a new study commissioned by DG MOVE on ‘Sustainable Transport Infrastructure Charging and Internalisation of Transport Externalities’. Building on previous work, this study provides a comparison of infrastructure- and external costs with taxes and charges currently paid by transport users. While the final study is yet to be published, a clear message emerges from it, namely that transport charges and taxes today do not fully cover external and infrastructure costs, and, as a result, users are only paying for roughly half of the directly generated costs by transport.   

Participants agreed that the application of the user-pays and polluter-pays principles, through internalisation techniques, is a powerful instrument for creating demand for clean technologies, and thus an important pre-condition for incentivising more efficient transport. It was, however, noted that the effectiveness of pricing mechanisms in achieving behavioural change may vary depending on the elasticity of demand, as well as on country-specific characteristics, such as population density.

The general agreement was that internalisation alone is not a ‘silver bullet’ and should instead be complemented by a broader set of regulatory measures, such as, for example, urban land use planning regulations, parking fees, as well as vehicle access restrictions. 

The importance of a participatory approach to the design and implementation of fiscal and taxation policies was furthermore highlighted, so as to ensure public acceptance and social justice.

The Forum concluded that the shift towards a sustainable and multimodal transport system will necessitate the enactment of a combination of push- and pull-factors at different levels of government. What is more, the potential of digitalisation was underlined, especially when it comes to reducing transaction costs as well as to enhancing our understanding of the complementarity and/or substitution effects between the different transport modes.

The final study is set to be released in the course of the next weeks. In parallel, the European Commission is currently conducting an evaluation of its 2011 White Paper, which already then acknowledged the importance of implementing ‘fair and efficient transport pricing’. Evidently, the two pieces of work are complimentary and will be decisive in shaping important policy decisions and legislative processes for the incoming Commission. Most notably, it is hoped that the study findings and policy recommendations will be instrumental in realising the European Commission’s objective of net carbon neutrality across all sectors of the European economy, including transport, by 2050.

For further background information and the final agenda of the forum click here

We would like to thank all participants for travelling to Florence and contributing to a lively debate.

Forum Participants, Florence, 20 May 2019