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  • Universal Access to Energy

Currently, nearly 1.2 billion people, 16% of the world’s population, have no access to electricity and around 2.7 billion people, 37% of people on earth, are without clean cooking facilities.

In accordance with the International Energy Agency, we define lack of access to electricity and to clean cooking facilities as a lack of access to “modern energy”. Over 95% of the people without access to modern energy are concentrated in sub-Saharan Africa or developing countries in Asia and 84% of them live in rural areas. The distribution of this energy poverty largely coincides with the world’s distribution of the overall extreme poverty.

In 2015, the United Nations adopted the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, which includes a set of 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) to end poverty, fight inequality and injustice, and tackle climate change by 2030.

To “Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all” (Goal 7) is a significant challenge that the global community must rise to and win.

Within the framework of the UN 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda and the adoption of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change (COP21), the Florence School of Regulation contributes to the process of ensuring affordable, reliable, and modern energy for all through the FSR A2E initiative.

The FSR A2E initiative is focusing on the role of regulation by:

  1. Supporting capacity building by making training accessible to the relevant stakeholders. 
  1. Facilitate the development and adoption of appropriate regulation.

Latest News

Universal Access to Energy

The World Bank logo



New Report by World Bank: Regulatory Indicators for Sustainable Energy (RISE)

An increasing number of developing countries are emerging as leaders in sustainable energy, with robust policies to support energy access, renewables and energy efficiency, according to […] read more

Universal Access to Energy

Pippo Ranci



Energy Poor | E-book available for download in English

Energy Poor by Pippo Ranci, Matteo Leonardi, Laura Susani now available to download in English Among various indicators of deprivation that are used to measure […] read more

Universal Access to Energy

IRENA logo


IRENA – the key role of renewable energy in meeting energy access goals

IRENA publishes two reports highlighting recent and future renewable mini-grid technological innovations, and the policy and regulatory approaches that can further incentivise its deployment and help achieve universal energy access. read more

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Fondazione AEM Museo Nazionale della Scienza e Tecnologia Leonardo da Vinci (MuST)

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