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Regulation and Integration of Renewable Energy

3 April – 12 May 2017 | Florence & Online

Registrations still available for the 3-day Residential Training in Florence!

FSR’s new training on the Regulation and Integration of Renewable Energy will provide a comprehensive and detailed view of the European regulatory framework for the integration and development of renewable energy from top European experts. 

This training includes:

  • 3 weeks of online learning (Fundamentals level – OPTIONAL) 
  • a 3-day residential training in Florence (Specialised Level)

Get specialist insight into:

  • Costs and macro/micro-economic impacts of renewable energy
  • Progress on the implementation of the Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC) containing the 2020 goals
  • Renewable energy in the Winter Package / 2030 Governance
  • Implementation of auctions for renewable energy support at the member state level
  • Accommodating renewable energy support into the European electricity market design
  • Grid integration of and grid expansion for renewable electricity


  • Overview

    The growth of renewable energy in Europe is changing all paradigms of policy, regulation and market design in Europe. There is currently no initiative related to the supply, transmission, delivery or consumption of electricity that is not directly or indirectly influenced by the integration or development of renewable energy.

    As a result, power generation companies have to adapt their commercial strategies and balance their portfolios under new market conditions, TSOs have to engage in closer collaboration for the balancing of the system and efficient use of the interconnections, and regulators must ensure the sustained development of renewable energy through competitive market-based incentives to cope with more and more ambitious sustainability targets.

    For this reason, every energy industry professional in Europe is now directly or indirectly involved with the regulation and integration of renewable energy.

    This course provides the complete view on the European regulatory framework for renewable energy that every professional from the energy industry needs to know. The course is given by top experts in the area in the outstanding setting of the European University Institute in Florence.

  • Course objectives

    • To summarise the mainstream renewable energy technologies with current or clear potential for widespread implementation
    • To categorise the growing technical and economic challenges and implications for the integration of renewable energy by the TSOs or DSOs.
    • To review all relevant cost and benefits caused by renewable energy deployment including the impacts of technology learning
    • To formulate electricity market design implications and alternatives in view of a massive implementation of renewable energy into the market and the grids
    • To contrast renewable energy support mechanisms across Europe differentiating between feed-in tariffs, investment credits, bonuses and premiums, portfolio standards, etc. Special attention is given to auction based determination of remuneration levels, which are currently introduced in many Member States
    • To inspect national renewable energy goals and how are they synchronized with Europe’s action plan, also from the perspective of the new governance of energy and climate policy

     Furthermore, the training also seeks to:

    • Create an environment of productive discussion and interaction among students and top professionals from a wide range of institutions involved in the regulation of the energy sector in Europe
    • Build critical thinking among all participants through provocative discussion under the guidance of the instructors
    • Foster group work for the collaborative building of knowledge in an educational setting of excellence
    • Facilitate the growth of a fruitful professional network among participants and instructors
  • Content

    • Types of renewable energy for electricity production: Does renewable mean clean? Does clean mean renewable?
    • Sustainability and renewable energy according to the European Commission, regulators and policy makers
    • Technical challenges of integrating RES into the grids
    • LCOE of renewable energy technologies
    • Cost evolution, technology learning, integration costs and benefits
    • Effects of RES deployment on electricity markets and prices
    • Main characteristics of the European electricity market and target model
    • Is sustainability a game changer? What changes are expected to the target model?
    • Security of supply and flexibility in view of the growth of renewable energy
    • Main elements of the European RES Directive (2009/28/EC) and its recast RED II
    • Characterization of main support schemes
    • Evaluation of past experiences at member state level
    • Design options of auctions for renewable
    • Opening of national support schemes for RES electricity from other member states
    • Regulation of self-consumption from renewable energy
    • Compatibility aspects between RES support schemes and electricity market design
    • Support for renewables during periods of negative electricity prices
    • Current discussion on a phase out of support for mature renewable energy technologies
    • Investing in renewable energy in Europe: from resource to environmental assessment, due diligence, permitting, balancing of plant and operation. The experience from the industry.
  • Target group and knowledge level

    The training is developed for:

    • National Regulatory Authorities
    • Regulatory affairs department of energy companies including power generation companies, TSOs and DSOs
    • ACER and European institutions such as ENTSO-E and ENTSOG and industry organisations
    • The European Commission and the DGs Energy, Competition, Joint Research Centre, Environment, Climate Action, Justice and Consumers and other related
    • Academics on the field of electricity markets and regulation

    No formal background on energy regulation is required. An educational background in engineering, economics or law is strongly recommended. The training is in English.

  • Learning portfolio

      The course takes place partially online where the learning path is designed on an innovative, state-of-the-art platform with live interaction with other course participants as well as the instructors of the course. Each week has interactive elements, reading, discussions and a live class, taking up to approximately 6 hours of work for the participant.
    • Residential lessons with interactive learning tools: Instructors will provide a lesson focusing on the key theoretical concepts complemented by illustrative real current examples and case studies from the industry.
    • Interactive tools and activities involving the participants are put on to enhance the discussion and the learning experience
    • Q&A sessions: An interactive Q&A session follows each learning session in order to clarify the main concepts and to stimulate active discussionn
    • Group work activities implemented to facilitate the learning outcomes, foster collaboration, skills and competencies for participants
  • Structure of the Course


    To lower the threshold of diving into an advanced discussion on renewable energy, this training course also offers three online modules.

    Note: If you already have a sound knowledge on contemporary RES topics, the online part can be treated as a supplementary material bank, as it offers i.e. live classes, reading material in the form of policy briefs and articles, as well as discussion on the most interesting and essential issues.

    Week 1: 3 – 9 April 2017

      • Introduction to renewable energy
      • Live class: Thursday, 6 April 12noon CET with Leonardo Meeus

    Week 2: 24 – 30 April 2017

      • Cost & benefit analysis of renewable energy
      • Live class: Thursday, 27 April 12noon CET with Mario Ragwitz

    Week 3: 1 May – 7 May

      • Characterisation and evaluation of RES policy
      • Live class: Thursday, 4 May 12noon CET with Mario Ragwitz

    Residential in Florence

    Wednesday, 10 May 2016

      • The Winter Package 2016: Which Way Forward for Renewables in Europe? (Mario Ragwitz)
        • Planning and reporting: Governance Directive on renewables
        • Regulations & support: The recast of the renewable energy Directive
        • Priority and re-dispatch of renewables: Electricity Directive & regulation
        • Sharing the effort: benchmarks versus pledges for Member States
      • Regulatory Tools for Renewable Energy in Europe (Mario Ragwitz)
        • Experiences with, and design options of, auctions for renewable electricity
        • Compatibility between RES support schemes and electricity market design
        • Benefits of cooperation between Member States

    Thursday, 11 May 2017

      • Renewable Energy and the European Electricity Market and Target Model (Alberto Pototschnig)
        • How the European day-ahead electricity market works: market coupling with implicit allocation of the cross-border capacity.
        • Intraday and real-time markets. Current initiatives for an Europeanisation of this market.
        • The investment signal challenge: energy-only market versus capacity mechanisms
        • The flexibility challenge: making the European power system more flexible through the market
      • Regulatory Tools for Renewable Energy in Europe (Mario Ragwitz)
        • Phase out of support for mature renewables – does it make sense?
        • No support during times of negative prices – what is the rationale?
        • Self-consumption of renewables – how to regulate it properly?

    Friday, 12 May 2017

      • Coordination of Renewables Deployment and Grid Infrastructure Development (Leonardo Meeus)
        • Integration of RE in the Ten Year Network Development Plan, and the list of Projects of Common Interest
        • Grid connection and access policy and pricing for RES
        • The economics of grid defection and off-grid renewables
      • Developing a Renewable Energy Project: Experience from the Industry (Speaker TBD | Enel)
        • From resource assessment to site selection to financial due diligence
  • Eligibility and fees

    National Regulatory Authorities or Donors of the FSR: 2.100 €

    Other organisations or companies: 2.700 €

    Students: 1.350 €

    Registration is open to any professional regardless of the affiliation. Priority is given to representatives from National Regulatory Authorities and donors of the Florence School of Regulation. The number of participants from the same country or organization will be limited in order to maximise the diversity of the group.

  • Faculty

    Mario Ragwitz (course director) is the Deputy Head of the Competence Center Energy Policy and Energy Markets and Coordinator of Business Unit Renewable Energies at the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI (Germany).
    He is responsible for developing and evaluating policies for renewable energy and modelling energy systems with renewable sources focusing on the European Union. He has coordinated more than 25 research projects on renewable energy policy development at global, EU and national level and authored more that 50 peer reviewed scientific articles. In addition to the German federal government he advises the European Commission, the German Bundestag, the European Parliament, the World Bank, other national governments and companies. Ragwitz is honorary professor at the University of Freiburg in the field of energy and climate policy.
    He is a physicist with professional experience in the areas of modeling complex dynamic systems, techno-economic analysis of energy systems in the field of energy and climate policy with focus on renewable energies. He studied physics at the universities of Düsseldorf, Waterloo (Canada) and Heidelberg and completed his doctorate in theoretical physics (Dr. rer. nat.) at the University of Wuppertal (2001). He worked as a researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Physics of Complex Systems (1998-2000) and as a visiting researcher at the University of Texas at Austin (2000) and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (2007 and 2011). His current scientific work includes problems of innovation research, policy analysis and financing of renewable energies, the derivation of R&D strategies and strategies for the market launch of renewable energy technologies and the modeling of energy systems with renewable energy carriers. His duties included in particular the derivation of EU objectives for renewable energies for the year 2020 and the development and evaluation of EU guide lines for renewable energies and the German Renewable Energy Act.

    Alberto Pototschnig is Director of the European Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER) and Adviser to the Director of the Florence School of Regulation. Alberto is an economist and econometrician by training with extensive experience in energy policy, regulation and market design issues, with a focus on European markets. After seven years in the consultancy business with London Economics, Alberto joined the Italian Energy Regulatory Authority in 1997. As the Director of electricity regulation, he was responsible for the design and implementation of technical and economic regulation for the electricity sector. In 2000 he was appointed CEO of the Italian Electricity Market Operator, and later joined the Italian Transmission System Operator (TSO).

    Leonardo Meeus is Associate Professor and Director of the Energy Centre at Vlerick Business School. Leonardo is also part-time professor of the Florence School of Regulation at the European University Institute, where he led a team of researchers that advised the European Commission on diverse energy policy issues in the EU funded project THINK, and where he continues to teach and research with regulatory authorities. He is also a guest professor at the KU Leuven where he graduated as commercial engineer with a PhD in electrical engineering. He is an expert in energy markets and infrastructures and published in journals, such as Energy Economics, European Journal of Operational Research, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Energy Policy, and Renewable Energy.

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