Journal / Transport
Network Industries Quarterly Vol. 17 No. 3 – Regulation of Infrastructure Industries in emerging countries
Welcome to the Autumn 2015 issue of Network Industries Quarterly! This issue is dedicated to some of the best papers presented at the 4th Conference on the Regulation of Infrastructures, which was organised by the Florence School of Regulation in June 2015. Selected academics and practitioners have been invited to Florence to discuss the latest developments in the regulation of different network industries, namely transport, energy, telecoms and water distribution around the world. Both the Conference and this issue of the Network Industries Quarterly have a special focus on emerging countries. Hence, this issue follows the path started by the Spring issue of the NIQ and extends the scope of the regulatory analysis to the emerging countries.
The first article (Joe Tomain) brings a picture of the US and the historic transformation of the US energy policy. In particular, the paper focuses on the Clean Power Plan, which is merging energy and environmental regulation for the first time for the express purpose of combating climate change.
Ricardo Reis, Joaquim Sarmento and Joao Goncalves make an assessment of water utilities efficiency using the Portuguese case. This paper helps to better understand the water sector in Portugal and provides solid evidence that there is room the different models of concessions: PPP, state-owned companies or government run services.
The third article (Christian Jaag, Urs Trinkner, Jose Parra Moyano) focuses on the major challenges and opportunities for postal service providers. It analyses the specific regulatory context in which postal strategies are derived, links it to the behaviour and performance of incumbent operators, and compares the performance of these public operators deriving generic strategies of proven success.
In the fourth article, Edson Gonçalves and Patrícia Sampaio present the railway privatisation process currently undertaken in Brazil. The Brazilian situation is very peculiar as every region has developed its railway system independently. Also, at present technical differences basically prevent competition and open access. Furthermore, the weak position of the national regulatory agency as well as the unique role of Valec (state owned company) make this case very interesting and highly debated.
The fifth article (Riham Ahmed Ezzat, Carlo Cambini, Carine Staropoli) looks at 17 Middle East North African (MENA) Countries along a period of 16 years (1995-2010), enquiring whether regulatory reform sequences matter for telecom sectors performances. This paper was awarded as best paper at the Conference.
Guest editors: Nadia Bert and David Kupfer