Workshop Paper / Transport
1st Florence Intermodal Forum Summary – Urban Mobility Systems: Regulation Across Modes
The present document summarises the content of the presentations delivered during the Forum as well as the ensuing discussion. This report is divided in two sections: summaries of the presentations and the synthesis of the debates.
Presentations were delivered by representatives of many different types of stakeholders, including the European Commission, transport operators, transport authorities, associations of stakeholders, as well as by knowledgeable academics. Each of them offered his/her view on the state, challenges and status of intermodal transport in urban agglomerations, based on the following initial questions formulated by the organisers:
- What are these challenges?
- Who should be the problem owners in terms of policy-making (at which level?), ownership, and regulation?
- And what role would regulation have to play exactly in order to address these challenges?
In the urban context, numerous modes of transport are active, namely buses, metros, trams, trains, and even taxis. Current regulation of public urban transport is scattered among various actors depending on transport modes and ownership. Yet, urban public transport requires interconnection and overall system management.
The discussions touched upon many topics: politics, regulation, competences of authorities, and road pricing. Most participants agreed that the core challenge of (intermodal) transport policies is not technological or economical, but political. A commitment to promoting intermodal transport is a policy choice, and coherent action is needed. To create an urban mobility system it is important to including cities’ job catchment area, as well as to cooperate and integrate among stakeholders. Intermodality should not just be seen as a challenge for cities, but also as an opportunity. The transport system contributes to the attractiveness of cities, and thus to their competitiveness.