Workshop Paper / Transport
13th Florence Rail Summary – Rail passenger security: is it a challenge for the Single European Railway Area?
Recent terrorist attacks directly targeted the European transport system (Thalys – 21 August 2015, Brussels metro and airport – 22 March 2016). Public opinion is now particularly concerned, and companies as well as institutions have started to act to improve the security of the transport system. Major initiatives have been adopted by the European Commission (see, among others the new European Agenda on Security 2015-2020 to support better cooperation between Member States in the fight against terrorism, organised crime and cybercrime), yet the actions that have been taken by the different Member States in the area of security in the immediate aftermath of the terrorist attacks are not always consistent.
The aim of the 13th Florence Rail Forum was to look at the most controversial aspects creating a tension between increasing the level of security and market opening in the railway sector. While we acknowledge that there is no one-size-fits-all approach to rail security in Europe, we will try to identify some common aspects that could and even should be dealt with at the European level. Following the usual format of the Florence Forums, in each session speakers and participants will have the chance to contribute to the discussion moderated by Prof Matthias Finger (École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne and European University Institute). Representatives of the European Commission, of major stakeholders as well as academics will engage in the discussion.
The Forum will look at four different aspects of railway security and their possible impact on the SERA and the competiveness of the sector:
- What can be done to improve security?
- What can be done to adjust and improve the security level of infrastructure?
- What can be done to improve staff training and to raise awareness among passengers ?
- How should responsibility be distributed? Who should regulate and how?