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FSR Annual Conference

11.06.2018

Panadès-Estruch, L. “ICT-LED Challenges for the EU’s Transport Infrastructure Funding: a Critical Assessment of Public-Private Partnerships”

The paper “ICT-LED Challenges for the EU’s Transport Infrastructure Funding: a Critical Assessment of Public-Private Partnerships” (Panadès-Estruch, L.) will be presented at the 7th Conference […] read more

Transport

FSR Annual Conference

5.06.2018

Vanrykel,F.*, Ernst, D., Bourgeois, M.”Fostering Share&Charge through proper regulation”

The paper “Fostering Share&Charge through proper regulation” (Vanrykel,F.*, Ernst, D., Bourgeois, M.) will be presented at the 7th Conference on the Regulation of Infrastructures (21-22June, 2018).  […] read more

Transport

FSR Annual Conference

5.06.2018

Oliveira Cruz, C.*, Miranda Sarmento, J. “Maximizing the Value for Money of Road Projects through Digitalization”

The paper “Maximizing the Value for Money of Road Projects through Digitalization” (Oliveira Cruz, C., Miranda Sarmento, J.) will be presented at the 7th Conference […] read more

Transport

FSR Annual Conference

5.06.2018

Knieps, G. “Internet of Things and the Economics of Shared Mobility”

The paper “Internet of Things and the Economics of Shared Mobility” (Knieps, G.) will be presented at the 7th Conference on the Regulation of Infrastructures (21-22June, […] read more

Transport

FSR Annual Conference

23.05.2018

Kurosaki, F.*, Higashino, S. “A Study of IC Card Systems within Japanese Urban Railway Lines: Considering the Integration of Transportation Services”

The paper “A Study of IC Card Systems within Japanese Urban Railway Lines: Considering the Integration of Transportation Services” (Kurosaki, F.*, Higashino, S.) will be […] read more

Transport

News

23.05.2018

Call for papers. Competition and Regulation in Network Industries (SAGE)

The journal Competition and Regulation in Network Industries (SAGE) is launching a call for papers for a special issue on: “The other side of the Silk […] read more

Rail

Transport News

9.05.2018

16th Florence Rail Forum-Improving European Rail Freight – Presentations now available for download

Rail freight has a crucial role to play in both reaching the EU’s climate goals and supporting economic growth and competitiveness. Speakers at the 16th Florence […] read more

Transport

Transport News

24.04.2018

Call for papers: Florence Conference on the Regulation of Railways. Deadline for abstracts submission: 31 August

The call for papers for the Florence Conference on the Regulation of Railways is open until August 31st , 2018! The conference will take place on 7-8 […] read more

Transport

News

3.04.2018

Call for papers. Competition and Regulation in Network Industries (SAGE)

The journal Competition and Regulation in Network Industries (SAGE) is launching a call for papers for a special issue on the Regulation of the new […] read more

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Vanrykel,F.*, Ernst, D., Bourgeois, M.”Fostering Share&Charge through proper regulation”

- Transport

The paper “Fostering Share&Charge through proper regulation” (Vanrykel,F.*, Ernst, D., Bourgeois, M.) will be presented at the 7th Conference on the Regulation of Infrastructures (21-22June, 2018). 

ABSTRACT

This paper studies the emergence of Share&Charge, a German platform that organizes the sharing of charging stations for electric vehicles and the billing for the energy transactions. Share&Charge follows a peer-to-peer fashion, enabling direct transactions between charging station owners and electric vehicle (EV) drivers. On the demand side, the platform, with its interactive map, makes it possible for electric car or EV owners to find a charging station in the most suitable place, for instance at their place of work or where they live. On the offer side, it enables station operators (private individuals or companies) to rent their charging stations and eventually sell the electricity they produce. Charging tariffs within the charging station network are determined by the charging station owners themselves, but the platform provides indicative tariffs. Launched in September 2017, Share&Charge follows other initiatives, such as the French platforms Wattpop and ChargeMap, and the Swedish Elbnb, created in conjunction with the car brand Renault. All of these initiatives aim to make e-mobility a reality. Share&Charge’s network has proved to be successful with German citizens, with more than 1200 charging stations currently in Germany.

Share&Charge adds certain elements of value at different stages of EV utilization. Firstly, this model allows for a co-financing of charging infrastructures by individuals and businesses in the private sector, by sharing the infrastructure costs between EV drivers. Besides the purchase price of EVs, the implementation of charging infrastructures, and their financing, represent a significant barrier to the rise of e-mobility. Share&Charge helps remove this obstacle, without adding a further burden on the governmental budget. In addition, this approach follows the “user pays principle”, which engages in fair and effective financing. Secondly, the platform increases decentralized production value and facilitates its expansion. As renewable energy production is mostly decentralized, the platform further supports the development of electricity from renewable sources. It also helps to avoid grid congestion and energy loss, as well as to increase flexibility within the electricity market. Thirdly, data use enables the optimization of energy demand and supply, and the optimal determination of tariffs, although these remain facultative.

Models like Share&Charge could thus positively impact energy policy, by tackling several upcoming obstacles associated with the development of EVs and renewable energy production capacities. In particular, such models could foster the rise of EVs and facilitate the expansion of decentralized renewable electricity production. However, new forms of network structures (decentralized networks, sharing economy), and new actors (prosumers, platforms, etc.) also raise regulatory challenges.

This paper presents the legal issues associated with the development of disruptive models, by using the example of Share&Charge. In particular, we study the applicable tax framework to such a platform, assuming that as such, it would be introduced into the Belgian market. Finally, we propose a policy recommendation to foster the development of platforms such as Share&Charge.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS

Fanny Vanrykel is a F.N.R.S Research Fellow at ULiège, Law Faculty (Tax Institute), Belgium. Her PhD thesis « Navigating into innovative solutions for sustainable mobility from a tax perspective », supervised by Pr. Marc Bourgeois and Pr. Damien Ernst, touches upon the use of taxes to foster sustainable mobility. Her project focuses on particularly innovative solutions, using new technologies like ICT, platforms and the sharing economy, that provide alternatives to single-occupancy car use and to pollutant vehicles. She has previously worked as a researcher on an interdisciplinary project (Brain-Beslpo) concerning the assessment of low carbon society policy instruments (http://www.alpi.ugent.be), resulting from the consortium of UGent, UHasselt and ULiege.

* presenting author