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CRNI

13.02.2019

CRNI Journal by Sage.Volume 19 Issue 1-2, March-June 2018

The new issue of the “Competition and Regulation in Network Industries” (CRNI) by Sage is now available! This issue includes papers presented at the CRI […] read more

Air

The Observer

5.02.2019

The Observer – Single European Sky: the way forward

This Policy Brief reflects upon the discussions at the 10th Florence Air Forum that took place in Budapest on 9th November 2018. On the dedicated webpage, […] read more

Urban

IGLUS Quarterly

29.01.2019

IGLUS Quarterly, Vol. 4, No. 3 – Digitalisation Technologies. Urban Mobility Services

Digital technologies now affect almost every aspect of life. This alteration is already ingrained in mobility services in the form of information and communication technologies […] read more

Urban

IGLUS Quarterly

29.01.2019

IGLUS Quarterly, Vol. 4, No. 2 – A developing city’s path. Kampala Special Edition

Although Sub-Saharan Africa remains one of the least urbanised regions in the globe, it has some of the highest urbanisation rates, coupled with all the […] read more

Urban

IGLUS Quarterly

29.01.2019

IGLUS Quarterly, Vol. 4, No. 1 – Critical and practical views of the Smart City Concept

Together with the unprecedented rate of urbanisation, new practices and trends have sought to manage the complex challenges of urban systems. A prominent example is […] read more

Transport

Transport News

24.01.2019

Welcome Teodora Serafimova

Florence School of Regulation Transport Area is excited to welcome a new Research Associate this January! Teodora Serafimova, Research Associate Before joining the FSR team […] read more

Transport

Transport News

14.01.2019

8th Conference on the Regulation of Infrastructures- submit your abstract

The Conference on the Regulation of Infrastructures is the annual event that brings together all the Areas of the Florence School of Regulation. This 8th  edition aims […] read more

Network Industries

NIQ

14.12.2018

Network Industries Quarterly, Vol. 20, No. 4 – The path towards digitalisation in road infrastructure

This special issue offers an overview on digitalisation in road infrastructure. Digitalisation has a vertical impact across the several layers of the road system. This […] read more

Network Industries

Network Industries. A New Series of Policy Briefs

We are happy to introduce a new series of quarterly Network Industries policy briefs. Their aim is to complement the quarterly issues of the NIQ, […] read more

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CRNI Journal by Sage.Volume 19 Issue 1-2, March-June 2018

- Network Industries

The new issue of the “Competition and Regulation in Network Industries” (CRNI) by Sage is now available! This issue includes papers presented at the CRI Annual Conference (June 2018) and more! The Conference  focused on the major challenges infrastructure regulation is currently facing in the context of sharing economy and platforms.

Featured paper

“Fostering Share&Charge through proper regulation” by Fanny Vanrykel, Damien Ernst and Marc Bourgeois received the best paper award at the 7th Conference on the Regulation of Infrastructures. New network structures: decentralization, prosumers and the role of online platforms.

The full paper is included in the issue. Read here the abstract:

This article studies the emergence of Share&Charge, a German platform that organizes the sharing of charging stations for electric vehicles (EVs) and the billing for the energy transactions. Share&Charge follows a peer-to-peer fashion, enabling direct transactions between charging station owners and EV drivers. On the demand side, the platform, with its interactive map, makes it possible for EV owners to find a charging station in the most suitable location, for instance, at their place of work or where they live. On the offer side, Share&Charge enables station operators (private individuals or companies) to rent their charging stations and eventually to sell the electricity they produce. Charging tariffs within the charging station network are determined by the charging station operators themselves, but the platform provides indicative tariffs. Launched in September 2017, Share&Charge follows other initiatives, such as the French platforms Wattpop and ChargeMap, and the Swedish Elbnb. Share&Charge’s network is already proven to be successful with German citizens.

Share&Charge adds certain elements of value at different stages of EV utilization. First, this model allows for a co-financing of charging infrastructures by individuals and businesses in the private sector by sharing the infrastructure costs among EV drivers. Besides the purchase price of EVs, the implementation of charging infrastructures and their financing represent a significant barrier to the rise of e-mobility. Share&Charge helps remove this obstacle without adding a further burden on the governmental budget. In addition, this approach follows the “user pays principle,” which engages in fair and effective financing. Second, the platform increases decentralized production value and facilitates its expansion. It also helps in avoiding grid congestion and energy loss, as well as increasing flexibility within the electricity market. Third, data use enables the optimization of energy demand and supply, and the optimal determination of tariffs, although these remain facultative. Models like Share&Charge could thus positively impact energy policy by tackling several upcoming obstacles associated with the development of EVs and decentralized energy production capacities. However, new forms of network structures (decentralized networks, sharing economy) and new actors (prosumers, platforms, etc.) also raise regulatory challenges. This article presents some of the legal issues associated with the development of models like Share&Charge. In particular, we study the tax framework applicable to this model, assuming that as such, it would be introduced into the Belgian market.