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Universal Access to Energy


Universal Access to Energy

Swetha RaviKumar Bhagwat

Topic of the Month

30.05.2017

Alpha and Beta in the limelight

“Decoding the elements of universal access to energy” FSR Topic of the Month – May Editor: Swetha RaviKumar Bhagwat Fourth instalment by Swetha RaviKumar Bhagwat If you are […] read more

Universal Access to Energy

Swetha RaviKumar Bhagwat

Topic of the Month

25.05.2017

DES takes a Selfie

“Decoding the elements of universal access to energy” FSR Topic of the Month – May Editor: Swetha RaviKumar Bhagwat Third instalment by Swetha RaviKumar Bhagwat If you […] read more

Universal Access to Energy

Jessica Dabrowski

Topic of the Month

16.05.2017

What’s cooking the pot?

“Decoding the elements of universal access to energy” FSR Topic of the Month – May Editor: Swetha RaviKumar Bhagwat Second instalment by Jessica Dabrowski Today, approximately 2.7 billion […] read more

Universal Access to Energy

Pia Lovengreen Alessi

Topic of the Month

8.05.2017

The Inevitable Handshake!

“Decoding the elements of universal access to energy” FSR Topic of the Month – May Editor: Swetha RaviKumar Bhagwat First instalment by Pia Lovengreen Alessi The […] read more

Universal Access to Energy

The World Bank logo

News

16.02.2017

New Report by World Bank: Regulatory Indicators for Sustainable Energy (RISE)

An increasing number of developing countries are emerging as leaders in sustainable energy, with robust policies to support energy access, renewables and energy efficiency, according to […] read more

Universal Access to Energy

Pippo Ranci

Publications

13.02.2017

Energy Poor | E-book available for download in English

Energy Poor by Pippo Ranci, Matteo Leonardi, Laura Susani now available to download in English Among various indicators of deprivation that are used to measure […] read more

Universal Access to Energy

IRENA logo

7.11.2016

IRENA – the key role of renewable energy in meeting energy access goals

IRENA publishes two reports highlighting recent and future renewable mini-grid technological innovations, and the policy and regulatory approaches that can further incentivise its deployment and help achieve universal energy access. read more

Universal Access to Energy

29.06.2016

Small increase in energy investment could cut premature deaths from air pollution in half by 2040, says new IEA report

IEA strategy based on existing energy technologies and policies can cut 50% of pollutant emissions, the fourth-largest threat to human health, by 2040.“Clean air is […] read more

Universal Access to Energy

Energy Law and Policy

10.06.2016

A set of indicators proposed for SDG7: the contribution of “Sustainable Energy for All Global Tracking Framework 2015”

A set of indicators proposed for SDG7: the contribution of “Sustainable Energy for All Global Tracking Framework 2015”The UN Statistical Commission has held its meeting […] read more

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Pia Lovengreen Alessi

The Inevitable Handshake!

- Universal Access to Energy

“Decoding the elements of universal access to energy”
FSR Topic of the Month – May Editor: Swetha RaviKumar Bhagwat

First instalment by Pia Lovengreen Alessi

The concept of “access to energy” does not offer a straight forward definition. However in accordance to the International Energy Agency, energy access is about providing modern energy services to everyone around the world. These services are defined as household access to electricity and clean cooking facilities.

Currently, nearly 1.2 billion people, over 17 % of the world population, have no access to electricity and around 2.7 billion people, over 38% of the world population, are without clean cooking facilities. Over 95% of the people without access to modern energy are concentrated in Sub-Saharan Africa or developing Asia and 80% of them live in rural areas. The world distribution of this energy poverty largely coincides with the world distribution of overall extreme poverty.

Until recent years, access to energy was considered under the auspices of charitable and social impact organisations, but now we see mainstream commercial and private players making an entrance with more and more investments being pumped into this sector.

What are the drivers that are bringing about this change?

The framework: The United Nations “Sustainable Energy for All” (SE4All) initiative, launched in 2011, brought to the forefront the importance and relevance of addressing access to energy in conjunction with renewable energy and energy efficiency. This drive for addressing the three pillars together was again picked up in 2015 with the adoption of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which includes the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), among which Goal number 7 aims to: “Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all”. The systemic approach in addressing access to energy not only unlocks the potential of the sector, but in doing so in terms of sustainable and modern energy forms also shifts the dialogue towards a clean energy transition.

The design reconfiguration: Grid extension was traditionally seen as the only method of electrification. However, the advent of decentralised energy solutions and the plummeting prices of renewable energy solutions are challenging this traditional mindset.

The technology behavioural shift: The fundamental shift in solutions is flipping the shaping of this sector from a top-bottom approach to a bottom-top approach. Those at the bottom of the pyramid are now empowered to drive and direct the growth of this sector. Within this new framework of decentralised access to electricity, the two most popular options that are driving the growth of this sector are the solar home systems and the mini-grids.

Solar home systems have taken off commercially mainly due to innovative business models being engineered in this sector. One such model is the ‘pay-as-you-go’ model. In the mini-grids space, the concept has been in a pilot phase for some years. Recently, commercial players have been trying to crack a viable business model and we already see a few established players in the market. 

Bridging the gap

The energy policy and the regulatory frameworks in most developing countries have not yet adjusted to this new energy transition. Policies and rules that were designed for grid extension and operation are often very ill suited for decentralised energy development. It is essential to create a clear policy and regulatory framework that will allow the development and growth of decentralised energy solutions and contribute to new solutions for sustainable access to energy.

The Florence School of Regulation has teamed up with World Access to Modern Energy to explore how to bridge this gap, and will shortly present our conclusions as a policy brief. Follow our Universal Access to Energy page for more updates on our work.

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